Bladder Cancer

The bladder is an organ near the pelvis in which the urine is stored until it is emptied. There are many layers on the wall of the bladder, and cancer can develop on any of these layers. One form of bladder cancer has a mushroom-like appearance and grows out of the bladder lining. This is a prevalent form of bladder cancer and is called transitional cell carcinoma. Fortunately, though common, it does not spread beyond the bladder’s lining.

In some rare cases, transitional cell carcinoma has been seen to invade the muscular wall of the bladder, and also sometimes into nearby organs. This is difficult to control unless an early diagnosis is conducted to prevent further spread. This type of cancer occurs in men aged more than 70.

Bladder Cancer
  • Presence of Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty experienced during urination
  • Uncomfortable experiences such as pain, irritation or burning during urination
  • Frequency of urinating abnormally increases
  • The urgency felt every time during the need to urinate
  • Pain in the bladder area

The symptoms above do not confirm bladder cancer; hence if you experience these symptoms, your doctor can conduct required tests to rule out the possibility.

  • A procedure that enables your doctor to see and collect tissue samples if necessary called
  • Study the extent of the disease with MRI
  • The doctor needs to examine the normal and malignant cells and record the images. This is done through PET scans.
  • Surgery: During the operation, the doctor will try to eliminate only the cancerous potion while keeping the healthy tissues intact. But if cancer has spread, then it is advisable to remove the bladder but can be skillfully reconstructed.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy may be advised before or after the surgery after careful examination by the doctor.
  • Radiation: This again is recommended either as a primary treatment option or in conjunction with the other treatment modes.

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG): This is also called immunotherapy

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