Brain Cancer

There are two types of brain tumors.

1. Metastatic

2. Primary

The non-cancerous brain tumors are also dangerous but less aggressive as they tend to stay in one place only.

Brain cancer

Metastatic brain tumor or secondary brain cancer occurs when cancer cells attack the brain travelling from other parts of the body such as the skin, breasts, kidneys, lungs, and colon. Metastatic brain tumor usually occurs in the cerebral cortex, the brain stem, or the cerebellum. At times, the doctors are not able to trace the origin of the metastasis. 

  • Nausea, severe headaches, and vomiting
  • Seizures including muscle spasms and abnormal tastes or smells
  • Vision & speech problems
  • Physical weakness, numbness

The symptoms mentioned above do not confirm the presence of the tumor.

Diagnosis of Brain tumor
  • Physical assessment of symptoms
  • Medical History of patient
  • Neurological Diagnosis
  • MRI, PET, and other imaging procedures
  • Collection of spinal fluid
  • Biopsy of the affected area
Brain Tumor Treatment
  • Surgery: With the massive advancement in mapping and imaging, brain surgery is less risky, and results are more effective.
  • Radiation: The cancer cells can be killed using radiations without harming the surrounding healthy tissues.

A Primary brain tumor occurs in the brain, and it can be malignant or benign.

  • Headaches
  • Speech Problems
  • Physical weakness
  • Balance issues
  • Vision impairment

Only the analysis of symptoms does not help in diagnosis.

How is the diagnosis made?
  • Physical assessment of symptoms
  • Medical History of patient
  • Neurological Diagnosis
  • Imaging procedures like MRI, PET
  • Collection of spinal fluid
  • Biopsy
What are the treatment options?
  • Surgery: The doctor eliminates most of the tumors by carefully avoiding the healthy tissues around it.
  • Chemotherapy: This is another way to kill the cancerous cells.
  • Radiation: This therapy: Radiation therapy could be advised as the primary course of treatment

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