Colon Cancer

Colon cancer develops slowly over many years. It typically starts as a small tumour, called a polyp, on the surface of the organ. Sometimes colon cancer can be hereditary.

Colon Cancer
  • Abdominal pain or cramps
  • Diarrhoea or constipation frequently
  • Persistent bowel movement symptoms
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Loss of weight
  • Anaemia

Though the symptoms do not indicate and confirm the presence of cancer, it is recommended that people with these symptoms get screened and rule out the possibility.

People need to be aware of the fact that since colon cancer sets in slowly, people with pre-cancerous cells don’t have any symptoms. The best way is to get regular screening done to detect cancer as early as possible.

If pre-cancerous cells are diagnosed during the screening, doctors recommend the following tests:

  • Assessment of medical history
  • Biopsy
  • Physical examination
  • Imaging procedures such as x-ray, CT scan, MRI
  • Genetic testing to rule out heredity factors
  1. Surgery: If cancer has not spread and is detected when it is still localized, a minor surgery colonoscopy is performed to remove it. Laparoscopy is a procedure in which a thin, tube with a light is inserted into an incision in the abdomen. The surgeon monitors the images on the screen and operates.
  2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy can be administered after the surgery too.
  3. Other Treatments: In case of metastatic colon cancer,  radiation and immunotherapy can be conducted.

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