Cancerous cells may occur in the bronchi or in the lungs. Bronchi are the air tubes that lead to the lungs from the wind pipe. Usually patients suffering from lung cancers are found to be chain smokers.Lung cancers can be classified into two types
1. Small cell lung cancer occur in the regions surrounding the air tubes that lead to the lungs.
2. Non-small lung cancer occur in lungs lining and is more common
Usually the patient suffers from one or more of the following symptoms
• Chest pain
• Severe Coughing associated with blood and mucus
• Shortness of breath
• Severe Fatigue
• Unexplained Appetite loss
When the doctor conducts an X-ray, he/she can see an abnormal spot. Again the above mentioned symptoms do not conform the presence of any disease but it is recommended that people with these symptoms must consult a doctor
Thoracoscopy: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery or robotic VATS are found to be effective ways of treating lung cancer. These are minimally invasive techniques and yield good results.
Chemotherapy: This is useful in case of non-small cell lung cancer. Chemotherapy is sometimes combined with other treatments to increase success rates.
Immunotherapy: Cancer treatment also involves developing drugs which can help the body’s immune system to fight it on its own.
Radiation Therapy: If a surgeon finds that surgery is not possible then they recommend radiation therapy. Sometimes the tumours are unaccessible.
Interventional Radiology: A minimally invasive procedure called percutaneous ablation is performed for patients with non small cell lung cancer. A needle is inserted into the tumour utilizing CT image guides a needle and the tumour is destroyed.
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