Male Breast Cancer

Many people are not aware that men can also get breast cancer, they do not go for tests and usually is not diagnosed until later stages. The breast cancer cells spread to the lymph nodes under the arm, similar to women.

Male Breast Cancer
  • Age factor: Patients are most often in their 60s and 70s
  • Imbalance in hormones: Estrogen levels are higher than normal
  • Exposure to Radiation: People who have previously been exposed to radiation therapy
  • Family medical History: About 25% of men diagnosed with breast cancer have a family member with the disease. 

The men too develop a lump in the chest. It usually does not raise an alarm because it is painless.

Other symptoms that they may have are similar to the female breast cancer. Fluid discharge from nipple, nipple goes inwards, flattening of nipples and redness of nipple.

  • Family History assessment
  • Doctor does complete Physical Examination
  • Mammogram
  • Biopsy
  • Surgery: Majority of the men are advised to go in for complete removal of the breast that is known as a mastectomy. Sometimes only the cancerous tissue and a layer of surrounding tissues are extracted and the breast is not removed. This is called a Lumpectomy . In this surgery, the doctor conducts a biopsy on the lymph node under the arm and will remove it if he finds that cancer has spread to it.
  • Systemic Therapies: The cancer can also be eliminated through oral or injective drugs. Drugs can reach all parts of the body including the regions where cancer has spread. The procedures could include chemotherapy, targeted agents, and hormonal therapy.
  • Radiation: Radiation is usually administered after surgery to kill any cancer cells left over in the breast, chest wall, or in the underarm region. Radiation is recommended after chemotherapy.

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