Prostate Cancer

Prostate is a small gland (the size of a walnut) and is responsible for the production of the semen. It is located below the bladder. There are several nerves and blood vessels that help in erectile function. They get affected by prostate cancer. It is seen that prostate cancer usually occurs in men who are older than 50. It is a less severe form of cancer and usually not life-threatening.

Prostate Cancer

People need to be aware that most patients suffering from prostate cancer do not experience any symptoms, hence the condition goes undiagnosed until he goes for a screening.

Some symptoms to look out for are:

  • Increase in Nighttime urination
  • Unable to urinate completely
  • Severe pain in the upper thigh or lower back
  • Experiences Erectile dysfunction
  • Assessment of Medical History
  • Conduct Blood Tests
  • Diagnostic Imaging tests
  • Biopsy tests if required
  • Active Monitoring: If the oncologist feels that the tumor is not very aggressive then he may wait and watch instead of recommending treatment.
  • Surgery: If unavoidable the surgeon needs to remove the prostate gland completely along with nearby lymph nodes by a procedure called as Radical prostatectomy
  • Radiation Therapy: Usually given along with other hormone therapy to prevent recurrence of cancer.
  • Brachytherapy: Radioactive seeds can be implanted near the cancerous tumor through this radiation therapy.
  • Focal Therapies: Prostate cancer can be treated with a broad spectrum of treatment plans that involve non-invasive techniques to attack only the cancerous cells and retain the healthy part of the prostate. This is called Focal therapy.
  • Systemic Therapy: Systemic therapy includes chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy that uses anti-cancer drugs to eliminate cancerous cells.

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