Stomach or Gastric Cancer

Stomach cancer usually occurs in the stomach lining and grows slowly.

Stomach or Gastric Cancer

Stomach cancer, in early stages can be diagnosed if patient suffers from following symptoms

  • Persistent stomach pain
  • Unexplained loss of appetite
  • Continuous discomfort or fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Bloating
  • Unexplained Weight loss

But if left undiagnosed, the cancer progresses and cause more discomfort

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Stomach pain after meals
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Jaundice
  • Weakness
  • Burping
  • Fluid build-up
  • Anemia
  • Stomach ulcers repeatedly

These symptoms being present do not indicate stomach cancer. Only an oncologist can help you rule out possibilities

  • Endoscopy
  • Barium X-Ray
  • Biopsy
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures: If the cancer is diagnosed in the early stages, they can be treated with laparoscopy.
  • Surgery: There are two types of surgeries that are performed based on the severity of the cancer cells.
    Advanced stage stomach cancers require-

1. Partial gastrectomy -In this procedure, part of the stomach and surrounding lymph nodes are removed by the surgeon. He may remove nearby tissues and parts of other organs affected 

2. Total gastrectomy- In this procedure, the entire stomach is removed along with parts of nearby organs.

The surgeon then connects the oesophagus directly to the small intestine to enable normal digestion.

  • Chemotherapy: Anti-cancer drugs are used to kill the cancer cells. It may be used in combination with other modes of treatment. Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is an effective way to deliver chemotherapy. In this procedure, the drugs are placed into the abdomen with a catheter.
  • Radiation Therapy: It is given along with other treatment to inhibit spread of cancer.

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